Photonic crystal fiber based chloride chemical sensors for corrosion monitoring

Heming Wei, Chuanyi Tao, Sridhar Krishnaswamy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Corrosion of steel is one of the most important durability issues in reinforced concrete (RC) structures because aggressive ions such as chloride ions permeate concrete and corrode steel, consequently accelerating the destruction of structures, especially in marine environments. There are many practical methods for corrosion monitoring in RC structures, mostly focusing on electrochemical-based sensors for monitoring the chloride ion which is thought as one of the most important factors resulting in steel corrosion. In this work, we report a fiber-optic chloride chemical sensor based on long period gratings inscribed in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a chloride sensitive thin film. Numerical simulation is performed to determine the characteristics and resonance spectral response versus the refractive indices of the analyte solution flowing through into the holes in the PCF. The effective refractive index of the cladding mode of the LPGs changes with variations of the analyte solution concentration, resulting in a shift of the resonance wavelength, hence providing the sensor signal. This fiber-optic chemical sensor has a fast response, is easy to prepare and is not susceptible to electromagnetic environment, and can therefore be of use for structural health monitoring of RC structures subjected to such aggressive environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2016
EditorsTribikram Kundu
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510600461
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2016 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: Mar 21 2016Mar 24 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9805
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherHealth Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2016
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period3/21/163/24/16

Keywords

  • Chloride chemical sensor
  • corrosion monitoring
  • long period grating
  • photonic crystal fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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