Physical activity, not sedentary time, predicts dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry-measured adiposity age 5 to 19 years

Kathleen F. Janz*, Piroska Boros, Elena M. Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L. Burns, Steven M. Levy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). Methods Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d-1), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d-1), and SED (h·d-1). Parent-proxy report (5 and 8 yr) and child-report (11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr) measured TV (h·d-1). X-ray absorptiometry scans measured FAT (kg) and VAT (g). Sex-specific growth models were used to create FAT and VAT growth curves for individual participants (level 1), and to test the effect of MVPA, LPA, SED, and TV (level 2) after adjusting for weight, height, linear age, nonlinear age, and maturity. Results Growth models indicated that low levels of MVPA were associated with high levels of FAT and VAT for males and high levels of FAT for females. TV viewing was positively associated with FAT and VAT for males and females. LPA was positively associated with FAT in males. Sedentary time was not associated with FAT or VAT for males or females (P > 0.05). Conclusions This study supports current PA guidelines focusing on MVPA rather than SED. The contribution of high TV, but not high SED, to high levels of adiposity suggests that TV's contribution to obesity is not just a function of low energy expenditure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2071-2077
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • BODY COMPOSITION
  • FATNESS
  • MODERATE- OR VIGOROUS-INTENSITY PA
  • TV VIEWING
  • VISCERAL ADIPOSE TISSUE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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