Physical Activity of Fifth to Sixth Graders During School Hours According to School Race/Ethnicity: Suburban Cook County, Illinois

Soyang Kwon*, Maryann Mason, Sarah Welch

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: We compared moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity (MVPA) and inactivity levels among fifth and sixth graders during school hours according to school-level race/ethnicity and income attributes to inform school-based obesity interventions in Illinois Suburban Cook County (SCC). METHODS: Fifth- and sixth-grade students (N=591) in 14 SCC public schools were asked to wear an accelerometer during school hours for 4 consecutive school days. School-level race/ethnicity was assigned based on the majority (≥70%) race/ethnicity of the student population: white (N=4), black (N=2), Hispanic (N=5), or "mixed" (N=3). All minority schools (N=7) fell within a low-income category. RESULTS: A total of 538 students (91%) had valid accelerometry data. Average MVPA time during school hours was 20minutes/day for boys and 11 minutes/day for girls. Multilevel linear regression models showed that compared to peers in white schools, boys, and girls in Hispanic schools engaged in 14 and 10minutes less MVPA, respectively (p<.01). Girls in black and Hispanic schools had greater inactivity time than girls in white schools (p<.01). CONCLUSIONS: Objectively measured physical activity (PA) data support the need for school-level PA interventions during school hours, particularly in predominantly Hispanic schools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)382-387
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of School Health
Volume85
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Children and adolescents
  • Health disparities
  • Minority youth
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Philosophy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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