A physical-mathematical model is developed for concrete exposed to sea water. The model describes: (1)Diffusion of oxygen, chloride ions, and pore water through the concrete cover of reinforcement; (2)ferrous hydroxide near steel surface; (3)the depassivation of steel due to critical chloride ion concentration; (4)the cathodic and anodic electric potentials depending on oxygen and ferrous hydroxide concentrations according to Nernst equation; (5)the polarization of electrodes due to changes in concentration of oxygen and ferrous hydroxide; (6)the flow of electric current through the electrolyte in pores of concrete; (7)the mass sinks or sources of oxygen, ferrous hydroxide, and hydrated red rust electrodes, based on Faraday law; and (8)the rust production rate, based on reaction kinetics. To enable calculations, numerical values of all coefficients are indicated. The theory is completed by formulating the problem as an initial-boundary value problem.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||ASCE J Struct Div|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1979|
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