Physicians' perspectives on medication adherence and health promotion among cancer survivors

Tammy K. Stump*, June K. Robinson, Betina Yanez, Frank J Penedo, Adaeze Ezeofor, Sheetal Kircher, Bonnie Spring

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cancer survivors face an increased risk of cardiovascular events compared with the general population. Adopting a healthy lifestyle may reduce these risks, and guidelines encourage health-promotion counseling for cancer survivors, but the extent of physician adherence is unclear. Methods: This mixed-method study surveyed 91 physicians, including 30 primary care physicians (PCPs), 30 oncologists, and 31 specialists (urologists, dermatologists, and gynecologists). Interviews also were conducted with 12 oncologists. Results: Most PCPs (90%) reported recommending health promotion (eg, weight loss, smoking cessation) to at least some cancer survivors, whereas few oncologists (26.7%) and specialists (9.7%) said they ever did so (P <.001). Although most physicians believed that at least 50% of cancer survivors would be adherent to medication regimens to prevent cancer recurrence, they also believed that, if patients were trying to lose weight, they would not remain medication-adherent. In interviews, oncologists expressed fear that providing health-promotion advice would distress or overwhelm patients. Additional health-promotion barriers identified by thematic analysis included: identifying cancer as oncologists' focal concern, time pressure, insufficient behavior change training, and care coordination challenges. Facilitators included perceiving a patient benefit and having health-promotion resources integrated into the cancer care system. Conclusions: Physicians often do not have the time, expertise, or resources to address health promotion with cancer survivors. Research is needed to evaluate whether health-promotion efforts compromise medical regimen adherence, as physicians' responses suggest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4319-4328
Number of pages10
JournalCancer
Volume125
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • cancer survivors
  • comorbidity
  • health promotion
  • oncologists
  • primary health care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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