Purpose: Biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles can adsorb at the water/oil interface to stabilize the emulsion (forming Pickering-emulsion). The purpose of this study was to compare the release profiles of oxaliplatin from Pickering-emulsion and Lipiodol-emulsion. Materials/Methods: Pickering-emulsions and Lipiodol-emulsions were both formulated with oxaliplatin (5 mg/mL) and Lipiodol (water/oil ratio: 1/3). For Pickering-emulsion only, PLGA nanoparticles (15 mg/mL) were dissolved into oxaliplatin before formulation. In vitro release of oxaliplatin from both emulsions was evaluated. Then, oxaliplatin was selectively injected into left hepatic arteries of 18 rabbits bearing VX2 liver tumors using either 0.5 mL Pickering-emulsion (n = 10) or 0.5 mL Lipiodol-emulsion (n = 8). In each group, half of the rabbits were killed at 1 h and half at 24 h. Mass spectrometry was used to quantify drug pharmacokinetics in blood and resulting tissue (tumors, right, and left livers) oxaliplatin concentrations. Results: Pickering-emulsion demonstrated a slow oxaliplatin release compared to Lipiodol-emulsion (1.5 ± 0.2 vs. 12.0 ± 6% at 1 h and 15.8 ± 3.0 vs. 85.3 ± 3.3% at 24 h) during in vitro comparison studies. For animal model studies, the plasmatic peak (Cmax) and the area under the curve (AUC) were significantly lower with Pickering-emulsion compared to Lipiodol-emulsion (Cmax = 0.49 ± 0.14 vs. 1.08 ± 0.41 ng/mL, p = 0.01 and AUC = 19.8 ± 5.9 vs. 31.8 ± 14.9, p = 0.03). This resulted in significantly lower oxaliplatin concentrations in tissues at 1 h with Pickering-emulsion but higher ratio between tumor and left liver at 24 h (43.4 vs. 14.5, p = 0.04). Conclusion: Slow release of oxaliplatin from Pickering-emulsion results in a significant decrease in systemic drug exposure and higher ratio between tumor and left liver oxaliplatin concentration at 24 h.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine