Piezoelectric quartz crystal detection of benzene vapour using chemically modified cyclodextrins

Colin S I Lai, Gwilym J. Moody, J. D Ronald Thomas, David C. Mulligan, J. Fraser Stoddart, Ryszard Zarzycki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


Three chemically modified cyclodextrins have been prepared, characterised by n.m.r. spectroscopy, and studied for their possible rôle as piezoelectric crystal coating detectors towards benzene vapour. 2,6-Per-O-methyl-β-cyclodextrin 3-perbenzoate (DMβCD-B7) is not recommended. 2,6-Per-O-(t-butyl-dimethylsilyl)-α-cyclodextrin (DSαCD) was found to be the best for the ca. 0.08 - ca. 400 mg dm -3 range of benzene vapour in air. 2,6-Per-O-allyl-α- cyclodextrin (DAαCD) is a possible alternative. Both detector systems function for > 20 days. The detectors are selective towards benzene vapour over methane, propane, butane, pentane, ethyne, ammonia, nitrobenzene, and toluene. Toluene gives rise to the most serious interference. For the preferred DSαCD sensor, toluene only gives <20% of the decrease in frequency observed with the corresponding amount of benzene. However, the interference is slightly greater for the DAαCD sensor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-324
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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