The piezoelectric and related properties in ion-doped (NH4NO3, NaNO3) and undoped films of polyacrylonitrile have been measured as a function of temperature. The piezoelectric constants of both ion-doped and undoped films reach a maximum around 80°C and thereafter decrease markedly with temperature. At about this same temperature, a maximum of thermally stimulated discharge current (TSDC) is also observed with both ion-doped and undoped films. These two effects are thought to have a common origin: The randomization of nitrile dipoles in ordered regions. The piezoelectric constant of pre-stretched films is higher than that for unstretched polyacrylonitrile.
- Dc electric conductivity
- Ion-doped (nh4n03, nan03) film
- Stretched film
- Thermally stimulated discharge current
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry