Pilot Study of an Online Self-Directed Learning Module for Medical Decision-Making Capacity

Elizabeth Ryznar*, Derrick Hamaoka, R. Brett Lloyd

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: This study assessed the impact of an online, self-directed learning module on medical student knowledge and attitudes regarding decision-making capacity. Methods: The authors created a 15-min didactic video on decision-making capacity and sorted medical students on the psychiatry clerkship to teaching as usual or teaching as usual plus watching the video. The authors assessed student knowledge about and attitudes toward decisional capacity assessment using a pre/posttest design. Results: Thirty-eight students completed the study (24% of all psychiatry clerkship students in one academic year). Students who watched the video (n = 14) achieved higher scores on the posttest compared with students who did not watch the video (n = 24) (90% vs 84% on general knowledge and case examples), though this difference was small and not statistically significant. The degree of improvement from pretest to posttest was higher for students who watched the video but did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Overall, students found the online teaching module to be a helpful augmentation strategy for learning decisional capacity assessment. The authors incorporated student feedback and additional review to create an enhanced video, which is available on ADMSEP’s Clinical Simulation Initiative website.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-412
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • Capacity assessment
  • Decision-making capacity
  • Decisional capacity
  • Flipped classroom
  • Online module
  • Undergraduate medical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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