Purpose: This study was designed to determine the toxicity, radiographic response rate, and outcome following high-dose thiatepa, etoposide, and autologous bone marrow rescue (ABMR) for young patients with recurrent malignant brain tumors. Methods: Eligibility criteria required adequate renal, hepatic, and pulmonary function, and no bone marrow infiltration. Thiotepa 300 mg/m2 and etoposide 500 mg/m2 were infused on 3 consecutive days, and autologous bone marrow was infused 72 hours following chemotherapy. Results: Forty-five patients with recurrent high-grade brain tumors, aged 8 months to 36 years (median, 8 years), were treated. Seven patients (16%) died of treatment-related toxicities within 56 days of marrow reinfusion. Delayed platelet engraftment occurred in 44% of patients who survived beyond day 56. Of 35 patients with radiographically measurable disease who survived at least 28 days following ABMR, there were two complete responses (CRs) and six partial responses (PRs), for an overall response (CRs plus PRs) rate of 23% (SE = 7%). Objective responses were observed in four of 14 assessable patients with high-grade glioma and in two of six with primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs)/medulloblastoma. Survival was significantly improved in patients treated with minimal residual disease (P < .0005). Five of 18 patients (28%) with high-grade gliomas remain free of disease at 39+, 44+, 49+, 52+, and 59+ months post-ABMR. Conclusion: The combination of high- dose thiotepa and etoposide has activity against a variety of recurrent childhood brain tumors. These results merit further evaluation in children and young adults with bath recurrent and newly diagnosed high-grade brain tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research