Pilot testing of a patient decision aid for adolescents with severe obesity in US pediatric weight management programs within the compass network

Jaime Moore*, Matthew Haemer, Nazrat Mirza, Ying Z. Weatherall, Joan Han, Caren Mangarelli, Mary Jane Hawkins, Stavra Xanthakos, Robert Siegel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Shared decision-making (SDM) is a best practice for delivering high-quality, patient-centered care when there are multiple options from which to choose. A patient decision aid (PDA) to promote SDM for the treatment of adolescent severe obesity was piloted among 12-17-year-olds (n = 31) from six pediatric weight management programs within the Childhood Obesity Multi Program Analysis and Study System (COMPASS). Medical providers used a brochure that described indications, risks, and benefits of intensive lifestyle management alone versus bariatric surgery plus lifestyle. Immediately after, patients/families completed a survey. Patient/family perceptions of provider effort to promote understanding of health issues, to listen to what mattered most to them, and to include what mattered most to them in choosing next steps averaged 8.6, 8.8, and 8.7, respectively (0 = no effort, 9 = every effort). Nearly all (96%) reported knowing the risks/benefits of each treatment option and feeling clear about which risks/benefits mattered most to them. Most (93%) reported having enough support/advice to make a choice, and 89% felt sure about what the best choice was. Providers largely found the PDA to be feasible and acceptable. This pilot will guide a more rigorous study to determine the PDA’s effectiveness to support decision-making for adolescent severe obesity treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1776
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Lifestyle
  • Patient decision aid
  • Severe obesity
  • Shared decision-making
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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