Pilot Tone-Triggered MRI for Quantitative Assessment of Cardiac Function, Motion, and Structure

Kai Lin*, Roberto Sarnari, Peter Speier, Carmel Hayes, Rachel Davids, James C. Carr, Michael Markl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that there are good agreements between cardiac functional and structural indices derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences triggered with pilot tone (PT) and electrocardiogram (ECG). Materials and Methods Sixteen healthy volunteers (11 male, age 21-76 years) underwent a cardiac MRI scan. Cine MRI, T1, and T2 mapping were acquired by using PT and ECG triggering. Quantitative measurements, including left and right ventricular end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction, longitudinal strain, left ventricular T1 and T2 values, left and right atrial longitudinal strain, and maximal/minimal volumes, were measured. The interclass correlation coefficient, coefficient of variation, and Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate the agreements between measurements derived by MRI sequences triggered with 2 methods. Results There were no significant differences among end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, stroke volume, ejection fraction, left ventricle mass, T1 and T2 values, or longitudinal strains acquired using PT and ECG. There were good agreements and low variations between the levels of these indices acquired with PT and ECG. Interclass correlation coefficients mainly ranged from 0.73 to 0.98. The coefficients of variation ranged from 1.4% to 22.6%. Conclusions Pilot tone-triggered MRI provides comparable measurements of cardiac function, motion, and structure as ECG-triggered MRI. Pilot tone has the potential to become a backup of ECG gating in cardiovascular imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
JournalInvestigative radiology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023

Keywords

  • cardiac MRI
  • function
  • motion
  • pilot tone
  • structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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