Background/Purpose: Right postpneumonectomy syndrome is a rare complication of pneumonectomy characterized by exertional dyspnea resulting from mediastinal shift into the empty hemithorax. Historically, this problem has been treated with thoracoplasty, muscle flap transposition, pericardial fixation, and plombage using a variety of materials. Significant postoperative complications have been reported with each of these methods. In an effort to avoid the problems known to be associated with other plombage materials, we have used sterilized ping-pong balls as plombage to treat the postpneumonectomy syndrome. Methods: Two children with pneumonectomy syndrome were treated with ping-pong ball plombage. Results: Symptoms improved immediately in both patients and postoperative chest x-rays in each showed a normal cardiac position. Neither child had a postoperative complication. Six- year follow-up chest films in both children have demonstrated some fluid filling of the ping-pong balls, but no clinical problems attributable to them have been noted. Conclusion: The authors conclude that ping-pong ball plombage appears to be a viable management option in children with right postpneumonectomy syndrome.
- Postpneumonectomy syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health