Placebo-controlled study of the D4/5-HT(2A) antagonist fananserin in the treatment of schizophrenia

Philippe Truffinet*, Carol A. Tamminga, Louis F. Fabre, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Marie Emmanuelle Rivière, Catherine Papillon-Downey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The authors' objective was to assess the potential efficacy of fananserin (RP62203), a potent antagonist at the D4 and serotonin(2A) (5- HT(2A)) receptors, on symptoms of schizophrenia. Method: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 97 patients. Doses of fananserin reached 250 mg b.i.d, over 28 days, starting with an 8-day escalation. Most of the patients were men with paranoid schizophrenia; they were approximately 38 years old. The primary outcome measure was the total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale score. The patients' mean score on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale at entry was 91.8 (SD=16.5). A low dropout rate was observed in both groups of patients (19 [30%] of those given fananserin and nine [27%] of those given placebo). Results: The total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale score of the patients given fananserin decreased at endpoint by a mean of 4.2 points (SD=15.4); the score of the patients given placebo decreased by 6.7 points (SD=19.6). No differences between treatments were found on secondary measures such as the Clinical Global Impression, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale subscores or individual items, and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale total score. The patients' extrapyramidal symptoms did not worsen during the trial, but the patients given fananserin had an increase in akathisia. The safety profile was good in both groups of patients. Conclusions: The results of this study do not support the prediction that a selective D4 antagonist associated with strong 5-HT(2A) antagonism will exhibit an antipsychotic effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume156
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Truffinet, P., Tamminga, C. A., Fabre, L. F., Meltzer, H. Y., Rivière, M. E., & Papillon-Downey, C. (1999). Placebo-controlled study of the D4/5-HT(2A) antagonist fananserin in the treatment of schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156(3), 419-425.