Planet consumption and stellar metallicity enhancements eric

Eric Sandquist*, Ronald E. Taam, D. N.C. Lin, Andreas Burkert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The evolution of a giant planet within the stellar envelope of a main-sequence star is investigated as a possible mechanism for enhancing the stellar metallicities of the parent stars of extrasolar planetary systems. Threedimensional hydrodynamical simulations of a planet subject to impacting stellar matter indicate that the envelope of a Jupiter-like giant planet can be completely stripped in the outer stellar convection zone of a 1 M star. In contrast, Jupiter-like and less massive Saturn-like giant planets are able to survive through the base of the convection zone of a 1.22 M star. Although strongly dependent on details of planetary interior models, partial or total dissolution of giant planets can result in significant enhancements in the metallicity of host stars with masses in the range 1.0 M ≲ M ≲ 1.3 M. The implications of these results with regard to planetary orbital migration are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L65-L68
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume506
Issue number1 PART II
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: abundances

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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