PlanYourLifeSpan.org − an intervention to help seniors make choices for their fourth quarter of life: Results from the randomized clinical trial

Lee A. Lindquist*, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Priya D. Sunkara, Chris Forcucci, Dianne S. Campbell, Phyllis Mitzen, Jody D. Ciolino, Dyanna Gregory, Gayle Kricke, Kenzie A. Cameron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Few older adults contemplate their home support and health needs that may be required for aging-in-place. We sought to assess the efficacy of PlanYourLifespan.org (PYL), in influencing seniors’ planning behaviors, perception of the importance of planning, and confidence accessing services. Method Randomized controlled trial, of adults, age ≥65 years in urban, suburban, rural areas of Texas, Illinois, Indiana. Results Among 385 participants, mean age was 71.9 years, 79.5% female. Between baseline and one-month follow-up, average planning behavior score increased 0.22 points in the PYL arm when compared to the attention control (AC) arm. After controlling for baseline, mean one-month planning behavior score was significantly higher in the PYL arm than in the AC arm (1.25 points, CI 0.37–2.12, p = 0.005). Secondary analyses via longitudinal linear mixed modelling suggested a study arm-by-time interaction effect for both planning behavior (p = 0.047 and perception of importance (p = 0.05). Significant baseline covariates included self-efficacy, education, perceived social support, power of attorney, and history of stroke. Conclusions and Practice Implications : PlanYourLifespan.org demonstrated efficacy in helping seniors plan for and communicate their health support needs. This free, nationally available tool may help individuals understand, plan, and communicate their options for their future support needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1996-2004
Number of pages9
JournalPatient education and counseling
Volume100
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Aging-in-Place
  • Home support needs
  • Seniors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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