Plasma Membrane Repair in Health and Disease

Alexis R. Demonbreun, Elizabeth M. McNally*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since an intact membrane is required for normal cellular homeostasis, membrane repair is essential for cell survival. Human genetic studies, combined with the development of novel animal models and refinement of techniques to study cellular injury, have now uncovered series of repair proteins highly relevant for human health. Many of the deficient repair pathways manifest in skeletal muscle, where defective repair processes result in myopathies or other forms of muscle disease. Dysferlin is a membrane-associated protein implicated in sarcolemmal repair and also linked to other membrane functions including the maintenance of transverse tubules in muscle. MG53, annexins, and Eps15 homology domain-containing proteins interact with dysferlin to form a membrane repair complex and similarly have roles in membrane trafficking in muscle. These molecular features of membrane repair are not unique to skeletal muscle, but rather skeletal muscle, due to its high demands, is more dependent on an efficient repair process. Phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, as well as Ca2+, are central regulators of membrane organization during repair. Given the importance of muscle health in disease and in aging, these pathways are targets to enhance muscle function and recovery from injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-96
Number of pages30
JournalCurrent topics in membranes
Volume77
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Injury
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Recycling
  • Repair
  • Sarcolemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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