Plasmonic properties of film over nanowell surfaces fabricated by nanosphere lithography

Erin M. Hicks, Xiaoyu Zhang, Shengli Zou, Olga Lyandres, Kenneth G. Spears, George C. Schatz, Richard P. Van Duyne*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

146 Scopus citations


In this work, a detailed and systematic study of the plasmonic properties of a novel film over nanowell surface is investigated. These nanostructures are fabricated using nanosphere lithography and reactive ion etching and structurally characterized by AFM and SEM. The resulting structures show remarkably narrow plasmon bands in reflectance spectra (as little as 0.10 eV) and greater sensitivity to external dielectric environment than has been seen in other nanoparticle systems, resulting in an improvement in the figure of merit (FOM = refractive index sensitivity (eV·RIU -1)/full width at half-maximum (eV)) for refractive index sensing. Theoretical modeling for the plasmon spectra of these nanostructures is done using discrete dipole approximation code under periodic boundary conditions. The modeling results match the measurements accurately in aspects of the variation of the plasmon line shape with altering internanowell distance and dielectric environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22351-22358
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number47
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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