PECAM is a molecule used specifically during the diapedesis step when neutrophils and monocytes leave the blood compartment. Anti-PECAM reagents, such as Abs and soluble fusion proteins, block diapedesis both in vivo and in vitro. However, the PECAM knockout mouse in C57BL/6 strain has no serious defects in most models of inflammation. We show in this study that the same PECAM knockout backcrossed into the FVB/n strain clearly has reduced leukocyte emigration in two models of inflammation. Furthermore, we show that anti-PECAM reagents can block leukocyte emigration in several other wild-type strains of mice like FVBM, SJL, and the outbred strain Swiss Webster. This clearly shows that the C57BL/6 strain is uniquely able to compensate for the loss of PECAM function. Marine models of inflammatory disease that have been studied using C57BL/6 mice should be re-evaluated using FVB/n or other mouse strains to determine whether PECAM plays a role in those models.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy