PLIN2 Functions As a Novel Link Between Progesterone Signaling and Metabolism in Uterine Leiomyoma Cells

Ijeoma Okeigwe, Serdar Bulun, Shimeng Liu, Alfred W. Rademaker, John S. Coon, Stacy Kujawa, Jared Robins, Ping Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

CONTEXT: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common tumors in women. Recently, perilipin-2 (PLIN2) was identified as a critical target gene of the progesterone receptor; however, its function in the pathogenesis of fibroids is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the function of PLIN2 in leiomyoma cells. DESIGN: Tissue and primary cells from leiomyoma and myometrium were analyzed. PLIN2 function in leiomyoma was assessed using small interfering RNA. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify genome-wide effects of PLIN2 depletion. Metabolic activity was measured using the Seahorse XF96 analyzer. Real-time quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were also performed. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one premenopausal women undergoing surgery for fibroids. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gene expression, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and cell proliferation. RESULTS: PLIN2 gene expression was 2.4-fold lower in leiomyoma compared with adjacent myometrium, suggesting a link between PLIN2 deficiency and fibroids. A total of 3877 genes were differentially expressed after PLIN2 knockdown. Gene ontology analysis identified metabolism as the second-highest biological process affected by PLIN2 depletion. OCR (mitochondrial respiration) and ECAR (glycolysis) were significantly upregulated after PLIN2 knockdown; PLIN2-depleted cells had a greater basal metabolic activity and higher metabolic stress response. Cell proliferation was also significantly increased after PLIN2 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: PLIN2 depletion increases mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, suggesting that PLIN2 is a critical regulator of metabolic function in leiomyoma cells. PLIN2 deficiency also reprograms leiomyoma cells to a proproliferative phenotype. These findings introduce metabolomics as an area to explore to better understand leiomyoma tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6256-6264
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Volume104
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Fingerprint

Leiomyoma
Metabolism
Progesterone
Genes
Acidification
Cell proliferation
Gene expression
Oxygen
Progesterone Receptors
Surgery
Small Interfering RNA
Ontology
Tumors
RNA
Tissue
Myometrium
Glycolysis
Perilipin-2
Oxygen Consumption
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

@article{7c3205e5c03f470b8ee533dfaba0db3d,
title = "PLIN2 Functions As a Novel Link Between Progesterone Signaling and Metabolism in Uterine Leiomyoma Cells",
abstract = "CONTEXT: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common tumors in women. Recently, perilipin-2 (PLIN2) was identified as a critical target gene of the progesterone receptor; however, its function in the pathogenesis of fibroids is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the function of PLIN2 in leiomyoma cells. DESIGN: Tissue and primary cells from leiomyoma and myometrium were analyzed. PLIN2 function in leiomyoma was assessed using small interfering RNA. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify genome-wide effects of PLIN2 depletion. Metabolic activity was measured using the Seahorse XF96 analyzer. Real-time quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were also performed. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one premenopausal women undergoing surgery for fibroids. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gene expression, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and cell proliferation. RESULTS: PLIN2 gene expression was 2.4-fold lower in leiomyoma compared with adjacent myometrium, suggesting a link between PLIN2 deficiency and fibroids. A total of 3877 genes were differentially expressed after PLIN2 knockdown. Gene ontology analysis identified metabolism as the second-highest biological process affected by PLIN2 depletion. OCR (mitochondrial respiration) and ECAR (glycolysis) were significantly upregulated after PLIN2 knockdown; PLIN2-depleted cells had a greater basal metabolic activity and higher metabolic stress response. Cell proliferation was also significantly increased after PLIN2 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: PLIN2 depletion increases mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, suggesting that PLIN2 is a critical regulator of metabolic function in leiomyoma cells. PLIN2 deficiency also reprograms leiomyoma cells to a proproliferative phenotype. These findings introduce metabolomics as an area to explore to better understand leiomyoma tumorigenesis.",
author = "Ijeoma Okeigwe and Serdar Bulun and Shimeng Liu and Rademaker, {Alfred W.} and Coon, {John S.} and Stacy Kujawa and Jared Robins and Ping Yin",
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PLIN2 Functions As a Novel Link Between Progesterone Signaling and Metabolism in Uterine Leiomyoma Cells. / Okeigwe, Ijeoma; Bulun, Serdar; Liu, Shimeng; Rademaker, Alfred W.; Coon, John S.; Kujawa, Stacy; Robins, Jared; Yin, Ping.

In: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, Vol. 104, No. 12, 01.12.2019, p. 6256-6264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - PLIN2 Functions As a Novel Link Between Progesterone Signaling and Metabolism in Uterine Leiomyoma Cells

AU - Okeigwe, Ijeoma

AU - Bulun, Serdar

AU - Liu, Shimeng

AU - Rademaker, Alfred W.

AU - Coon, John S.

AU - Kujawa, Stacy

AU - Robins, Jared

AU - Yin, Ping

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N2 - CONTEXT: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common tumors in women. Recently, perilipin-2 (PLIN2) was identified as a critical target gene of the progesterone receptor; however, its function in the pathogenesis of fibroids is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the function of PLIN2 in leiomyoma cells. DESIGN: Tissue and primary cells from leiomyoma and myometrium were analyzed. PLIN2 function in leiomyoma was assessed using small interfering RNA. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify genome-wide effects of PLIN2 depletion. Metabolic activity was measured using the Seahorse XF96 analyzer. Real-time quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were also performed. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one premenopausal women undergoing surgery for fibroids. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gene expression, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and cell proliferation. RESULTS: PLIN2 gene expression was 2.4-fold lower in leiomyoma compared with adjacent myometrium, suggesting a link between PLIN2 deficiency and fibroids. A total of 3877 genes were differentially expressed after PLIN2 knockdown. Gene ontology analysis identified metabolism as the second-highest biological process affected by PLIN2 depletion. OCR (mitochondrial respiration) and ECAR (glycolysis) were significantly upregulated after PLIN2 knockdown; PLIN2-depleted cells had a greater basal metabolic activity and higher metabolic stress response. Cell proliferation was also significantly increased after PLIN2 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: PLIN2 depletion increases mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, suggesting that PLIN2 is a critical regulator of metabolic function in leiomyoma cells. PLIN2 deficiency also reprograms leiomyoma cells to a proproliferative phenotype. These findings introduce metabolomics as an area to explore to better understand leiomyoma tumorigenesis.

AB - CONTEXT: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common tumors in women. Recently, perilipin-2 (PLIN2) was identified as a critical target gene of the progesterone receptor; however, its function in the pathogenesis of fibroids is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the function of PLIN2 in leiomyoma cells. DESIGN: Tissue and primary cells from leiomyoma and myometrium were analyzed. PLIN2 function in leiomyoma was assessed using small interfering RNA. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify genome-wide effects of PLIN2 depletion. Metabolic activity was measured using the Seahorse XF96 analyzer. Real-time quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were also performed. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one premenopausal women undergoing surgery for fibroids. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gene expression, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and cell proliferation. RESULTS: PLIN2 gene expression was 2.4-fold lower in leiomyoma compared with adjacent myometrium, suggesting a link between PLIN2 deficiency and fibroids. A total of 3877 genes were differentially expressed after PLIN2 knockdown. Gene ontology analysis identified metabolism as the second-highest biological process affected by PLIN2 depletion. OCR (mitochondrial respiration) and ECAR (glycolysis) were significantly upregulated after PLIN2 knockdown; PLIN2-depleted cells had a greater basal metabolic activity and higher metabolic stress response. Cell proliferation was also significantly increased after PLIN2 knockdown. CONCLUSIONS: PLIN2 depletion increases mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, suggesting that PLIN2 is a critical regulator of metabolic function in leiomyoma cells. PLIN2 deficiency also reprograms leiomyoma cells to a proproliferative phenotype. These findings introduce metabolomics as an area to explore to better understand leiomyoma tumorigenesis.

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