Context: Uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) are the most common tumors in women. Recently, perilipin-2 (PLIN2) was identified as a critical target gene of the progesterone receptor; however, its function in the pathogenesis of fibroids is unknown. Objective: To determine the function of PLIN2 in leiomyoma cells. Design: Tissue and primary cells from leiomyoma and myometrium were analyzed. PLIN2 function in leiomyoma was assessed using small interfering RNA. RNA-sequencing was performed to identify genome-wide effects of PLIN2 depletion. Metabolic activity was measured using the Seahorse XF96 analyzer. Real-time quantitative PCR and immunoblotting were also performed. Setting: Laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Forty-one premenopausal women undergoing surgery for fibroids. Main Outcome Measures: Gene expression, oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and cell proliferation. Results: PLIN2 gene expression was 2.4-fold lower in leiomyoma compared with adjacent myometrium, suggesting a link between PLIN2 deficiency and fibroids. A total of 3877 genes were differentially expressed after PLIN2 knockdown. Gene ontology analysis identified metabolism as the second-highest biological process affected by PLIN2 depletion. OCR (mitochondrial respiration) and ECAR (glycolysis) were significantly upregulated after PLIN2 knockdown; PLIN2-depleted cells had a greater basal metabolic activity and higher metabolic stress response. Cell proliferation was also significantly increased after PLIN2 knockdown. Conclusions: PLIN2 depletion increases mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis, suggesting that PLIN2 is a critical regulator of metabolic function in leiomyoma cells. PLIN2 deficiency also reprograms leiomyoma cells to a proproliferative phenotype. These findings introduce metabolomics as an area to explore to better understand leiomyoma tumorigenesis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical