PMDedu: Assessing the educational needs of startups and academic investigators focused on pediatric medical device development

Payal Shah, Alexis Snitman, Jennifer McCaney, Lynn M. Rose, David Sheridan, Juan Espinoza Salomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The pediatric medical device development (PMDD) process is highly complex, beset by a variety of financial, technical, medical, and regulatory barriers. Startup company innovators and academic investigators often struggle with accessing specialized knowledge relating to regulatory requirements, product development, research, and marketing strategies. Objectives: The West Coast Consortium for Technology & Innovation in Pediatrics (CTIP) conducted an educational needs assessment to understand knowledge gaps and inform our educational strategy. Methods: We surveyed a total of 49 medical device startups and 52 academic investigators. Electronic surveys were developed for each group on Qualtrics and focused on manufacturing, regulatory, research, commercialization, and funding. Descriptive statistics were used. Results: A larger proportion of academic investigator respondents had a clinical background compared to the startup respondents (45% vs. 22%). The biggest barriers for academic investigators were understanding regulatory and safety requirements testing (52%) and finding and obtaining non-dilutive funding was the most difficult (54%). Among startups, understanding clinical research methods and requirements was the biggest barrier (79%). Conclusion: Startup companies and academic investigators have similar, but not identical, educational needs to better understand the PMD development process. Investigators need more support in identifying funding sources, while startup companies identified an increased need for education on research regulatory topics. These findings can help guide curriculum development as well as opportunities for partnerships between academia and startups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere235
JournalJournal of Clinical and Translational Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 25 2023


  • FDA regulation
  • Innovators
  • Pediatric medical device
  • education assessment
  • investigators
  • startups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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