Polarization-Dependent Optical Response in Anisotropic Nanoparticle-DNA Superlattices

Lin Sun, Haixin Lin, Daniel J. Park, Marc R. Bourgeois, Michael B. Ross, Jessie C. Ku, George C. Schatz*, Chad A. Mirkin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


DNA-programmable assembly has been used to prepare superlattices composed of octahedral and spherical nanoparticles, respectively. These superlattices have the same body-centered cubic lattice symmetry and macroscopic rhombic dodecahedron crystal habit but tunable lattice parameters by virtue of the DNA length, allowing one to study and determine the effect of nanoscale structure and lattice parameter on the light-matter interactions in the superlattices. Backscattering measurements and finite-difference time-domain simulations have been used to characterize these two classes of superlattices. Superlattices composed of octahedral nanoparticles exhibit polarization-dependent backscattering but via a trend that is opposite to that observed in the polarization dependence for analogous superlattices composed of spherical nanoparticles. Electrodynamics simulations show that this polarization dependence is mainly due to the anisotropy of the nanoparticles and is observed only if the octahedral nanoparticles are well-aligned within the superlattices. Both plasmonic and photonic modes are identified in such structures, both of which can be tuned by controlling the size and shape of the nanoparticle building blocks, the lattice parameters, and the overall size of the three-dimensional superlattices (without changing habit).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2313-2318
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 12 2017


  • DNA-programmable assembly
  • anisotropic nanoparticles
  • plasmonics
  • polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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