In legal parlance, “double jeopardy” refers to being held responsible twice for substantially the same crime. The Fifth Amendment of the US Constitution disallows this, essentially holding that the state only gets one bite at the apple. The term “double jeopardy” has also been used to describe several situations in which two characteristics or two circumstances place people at risk in the legal system, perhaps because of the double entendre. For example, Professor Thomas Grisso (2004) recently published a book, entitled Double Jeopardy: Adolescent Offenders with Mental Illness, citing that the combination of young age and the presence of mental health problems among justice-involved youth pose special problems for treatment in custodial settings, due process, and public safety. Similarly, a recent report to Congress was entitled Double Jeopardy: Persons with Mental Illness in the Criminal Justice System (CMHS, 1995), examining the double-sided problem of the reactions of people with mental illness to the criminal justice system and the reactions of the system to this population. In the present chapter, our focus is on two vulnerability characteristics - young age and mental health - that can place people in jeopardy in the interrogation room. The jeopardy that exists, and for which there are not suitable safeguards, is the risk of police eliciting false and coerced confessions. Moreover, once confessions or other guilty-knowledge statements are made, the risk of further miscarriages of justice, such as wrongful incarcerations and wrongful convictions, increases substantially.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||The Mental Health Needs of Young Offenders|
|Subtitle of host publication||Forging Paths Toward Reintegration and Rehabilitation|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||18|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
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