Policy statement - Child passenger safety

Dennis R. Durbin, H. Garry Gardner, Carl R. Baum, M. Denise Dowd, Beth E. Ebel, Michele Burns Ewald, Richard Lichenstein, Mary Ann P Limbos, Joseph O'Neil, Elizabeth C. Powell, Kyran P. Quinlan, Seth J. Scholer, Robert D. Sege, Michael S. Turner, Jeffrey Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


Child passenger safety has dramatically evolved over the past decade; however, motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death of children 4 years and older. This policy statement provides 4 evidence-based recommendations for best practices in the choice of a child restraint system to optimize safety in passenger vehicles for children from birth through adolescence: (1) rearfacing car safety seats for most infants up to 2 years of age; (2) forward-facing car safety seats for most children through 4 years of age; (3) belt-positioning booster seats for most children through 8 years of age; and (4) lap-and-shoulder seat belts for all who have outgrown booster seats. In addition, a fifth evidence-based recommendation is for all children younger than 13 years to ride in the rear seats of vehicles. It is important to note that every transition is associated with some decrease in protection; therefore, parents should be encouraged to delay these transitions for as long as possible. These recommendations are presented in the form of an algorithm that is intended to facilitate implementation of the recommendations by pediatricians to their patients and families and should cover most situations that pediatricians will encounter in practice. The American Academy of Pediatrics urges all pediatricians to know and promote these recommendations as part of child passenger safety anticipatory guidance at every health-supervision visit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)788-793
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2011


  • Child passenger safety
  • Child restraint system
  • Motor vehicle crash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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