Polyethylene glycol modified-albumin enhances the cold preservation properties of university of wisconsin solution in rat liver and a hepatocyte cell line

Rime Abbas, Rajan S. Kombu, David Dignam, William Gunning, Jonah J. Stulberg, Henri Brunengraber, Juan R. Sanabria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Liver grafts preserved in cold storage undergo changes mainly manifested by morphological modifications of the sinusoidal endothelium that result in poor graft function upon reperfusion. The present studies aimed to determine if the addition of polyethylene glycol-albumin to University of Wisconsin (Peg-AlbUW) solution ameliorates the cold preservation injuries of liver grafts. Rat livers were preserved cold with various preservation solutions and evaluated for weight changes and endothelial morphology. Solutions that preserved graft weight and endothelial morphology were tested in the isolated perfused rat liver model to assess graft function. A rat hepatocyte cell line was evaluated for both viability and glutathione concentrations emulating cold preservation and reperfusion conditions. Liver grafts preserved with Peg-AlbUW maintained their initial weight and showed a conserved endothelial morphology compared with liver grafts preserved in UW for 30h (P < 0.05). Liver grafts preserved with Peg-AlbUW had improved portal blood flow and bile secretion compared with liver grafts preserved in UW for 30h (P < 0.05). In vitro we noted comparable hepatocyte viability when cells were preserved in Peg-AlbUW versus UW under similar preservation conditions (P > 0.05); glutathione concentrations (reduced and total) were significantly increased in hepatocytes preserved in 3% Peg-AlbUW compared with other preservation solutions (P < 0.05). The addition of Peg-Alb to UW preservation solution ameliorated the cold preservation injuries of rat liver grafts as shown by stable liver graft weight, a better preservation of the endothelial morphology, improved portal vein blood flow, and increased bile secretion. Peg-Alb-UW solution improved the integrity of the glutathione redox buffer system of a hepatocyte cell line after cold storage and reperfusion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-104
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume164
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • cold ischemia
  • glutathione
  • liver transplant
  • reperfusion injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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