Porous materials for hydrogen storage

Zhijie Chen, Kent O. Kirlikovali, Karam B. Idrees, Megan C. Wasson, Omar K. Farha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


The development of efficient storage materials for hydrogen is important for the viable implementation of hydrogen-powered fuel-cell automobiles. In this review, we summarize progress toward the development of state-of-the-art porous materials, including metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks, porous organic polymers, carbon-based materials, and zeolites for hydrogen storage. In particular, we illustrate the fundamental considerations for the targeted design and synthesis of MOFs with better hydrogen storage performance aided by reticular chemistry and a simulation-aid strategy. Additionally, we highlight some progress related to porous-material-based composites with encapsulated hydrides of light elements (HLEs). Finally, we provide an outlook for the future path of porous materials as a viable technology for hydrogen storage, including the discovery of materials with improved gravimetric and volumetric storage capacities at ambient temperatures, the engineering of materials into practical gas vessels, and future commercialization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-716
Number of pages24
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 10 2022


  • SDG11: Sustainable cities and communities
  • SDG13: Climate action
  • SDG7: Affordable and clean energy
  • carbon neutrality
  • composites
  • hydrides of light elements
  • hydrogen storage
  • metal-organic frameworks
  • porous materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Materials Chemistry


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