Positive noise cross-correlation in hybrid superconducting and normal-metal three-terminal devices

Jian Wei*, V. Chandrasekhar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations


Non-local entanglement is a key ingredient to quantum information processing. For photons, entanglement has been demonstrated, but it is more difficult to observe for electrons. One approach is to use a superconductor, where electrons form spin-entangled Cooper pairs, which is a natural source for entangled electrons. For a three-terminal device consisting of a superconductor sandwiched between two normal metals, it has been predicted that Cooper pairs can split into spin-entangled electrons flowing in the two spatially separated normal metals, resulting in a negative non-local resistance and a positive current-current correlation. The former prosperity has been observed, but not the latter. Here we show that both characteristics can be observed, consistent with Cooper-pair splitting. Moreover, the splitting efficiency can be tuned by independently controlling the energy of the electrons passing the two superconductor/normal-metal interfaces, which may lead to better understanding and control of non-local entanglement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)494-498
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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