Positive predictive value of suspected growth aberration in twin gestations

W. A. Grobman*, B. V. Parilla

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the positive predictive value of ultrasonographic surveillance for growth abnormalities in twin gestations as a function of gestational age. STUDY DESIGN: Women with twin gestations and delivery between January 1992 and March 1998 who had a 20- to 24-week sonogram with normal fetal anatomic findings and who had at least 1 sonogram showing abnormal growth were identified. Abnormal growth on ultrasonography was defined as an estimated fetal weight <10th percentile, abdominal circumference <5th percentile, or twin discordance (>20% difference in twin weights as a function of the heavier twin). Birth weights were then assessed for evidence of twin discordance or growth restriction. RESULTS: The positive predictive value for the occurrence of a growth abnormality at birth, after an abnormal growth finding on ultrasonography at any time during gestation, was 47.7%. The positive predictive value was greatest (85%) when suspected growth restriction was first documented at 20 to 24 weeks of gestation and decreased with increasing gestational age. Even though sonograms were obtained at a mean interval of 4.4 ± 2.0 weeks, those gestations with normal growth at 20 to 24 weeks had an elapsed time of 10.3 ± 3.9 weeks until a growth abnormality was subsequently detected. CONCLUSION: In twin gestations the positive predictive value of a sonogram for a growth abnormality at birth is significantly decreased after normal findings on a 20- to 24-week sonogram. This finding suggests that a routine 2- to 4-week interval between sonograms for all twin gestations may be unwarranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1139-1141
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number5 I
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Positive predictive value
  • Twin gestations
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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