The low molecular weight heparin enoxaparin is often administered to patients on long-term anticoagulation regimens who temporarily discontinue warfarin prior to undergoing invasive procedures. The clinical outcome of all enoxaparin-treated patients who underwent cardiac catheterization or coronary artery interventional procedures (n = 119) was evaluated. A total of 5 patients (4.2%) requiring anticoagulation (3 with chronic atrial fibrillation and 2 with ventricular thrombi) developed severe late enoxaparin-associated hemorrhagic or vascular complications at the femoral arterial puncture site between 3 and 11 days postprocedure. Complications included development of femoral arterial pseudoaneurysm (n = 3), hypotension (systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg) (n = 2), acute decrease in hemoglobin levels to < 8.5 mg/dl (n = 4) and cardiac arrest (n = 1). In patients receiving standard dose enoxaparin after percutaneous invasive cardiac procedures, there is the potential for delayed and severe access site hemorrhagic and vascular complications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of Invasive Cardiology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine