Post-lumbar discectomy reoperations that are associated with poor clinical and socioeconomic outcomes can be reduced through use of a novel annular closure device: results from a 2-year randomized controlled trial

Peter Douglas Klassen, Wellington K. Hsu, Frederic Martens, Jason A. Inzana*, Wimar A. van den Brink, Michael W. Groff, Claudius Thomé

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Lumbar discectomy patients with large annular defects are at a high risk for reherniation and reoperation, which could be mitigated through the use of an annular closure device (ACD). To identify the most effective treatment pathways for this high-risk population, it is critical to understand the clinical outcomes and socioeconomic costs among reoperated patients as well as the utility of ACD for minimizing reoperation risk. Methods: This was a post hoc analysis of a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial (RCT) designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of an ACD. All 550 patients (both ACD treated and control) from the RCT with follow-up data through 2 years were included in this analysis (69 reoperated and 481 non-reoperated). Reoperations were defined as any revision surgery of the index level, regardless of indication. Equivalent U.S. Medicare expenditures for reoperations were estimated through cost multipliers derived from the commercially available PearlDiver database. Results: A significantly greater number of control patients (45/278; 16%) compared to ACD patients (24/272; 9%) underwent a revision surgery at the index level within 2 years of follow-up (p=0.01). At 2 years of follow-up, the reoperated patients had significantly worse Oswestry Disability Index scores and visual analog scale for leg and back pain scores compared to their non-reoperated counterparts (p<0.0001). The total estimated direct medical costs for reoperation were US $952,348 ($13,802 per reoperated patient), with control patients accounting for the majority of this cost burden ($565,188; 59%). Conclusion: Post-discectomy reoperation is associated with significantly increased patient morbidity, missed work, and direct treatment costs in a population at high risk for reherniation. Annular closure helped minimize this clinical and socioeconomic burden by reducing the incidence of reoperation by nearly 50% (16% control vs 9% ACD).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-357
Number of pages9
JournalClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 26 2018

Keywords

  • Annular closure device
  • Direct costs
  • Lumbar discectomy
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Reherniation
  • Reoperation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
  • Health Policy

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