Using state-of-the-art dynamical simulations of globular clusters, including radiation reaction during black hole encounters and a cosmological model of star cluster formation, we create a realistic population of dynamically formed binary black hole mergers across cosmic space and time. We show that in the local universe, 10% of these binaries form as the result of gravitational-wave emission between unbound black holes during chaotic resonant encounters, with roughly half of those events having eccentricities detectable by current ground-based gravitational-wave detectors. The mergers that occur inside clusters typically have lower masses than binaries that were ejected from the cluster many Gyrs ago. Gravitational-wave captures from globular clusters contribute 1-2 Gpc-3 yr-1 to the binary merger rate in the local universe, increasing to 10 Gpc-3 yr-1 at z∼3. Finally, we discuss some of the technical difficulties associated with post-Newtonian scattering encounters, and how care must be taken when measuring the binary parameters during a dynamical capture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)