### Abstract

We present the first results from our post-Newtonian (PN) smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) code, which has been used to study the coalescence of binary neutron star (NS) systems. The Lagrangian particlebased code incorporates consistently all lowest-order (1PN) relativistic effects, as well as gravitational radiation reaction, the lowest-order dissipative term in general relativity. We test our code on sequences of single NS models of varying compactness, and we discuss ways to make PN simulations more relevant to realistic NS models. We also present a PN SPH relaxation procedure for constructing equilibrium models of synchronized binaries, and we use these equilibrium models as initial conditions for our dynamical calculations of binary coalescence. Though unphysical, since tidal synchronization is not expected in NS binaries, these initial conditions allow us to compare our PN work with previous Newtonian results. We compare calculations with and without 1PN effects, for NS with stiff equations of state, modeled as polytropes with F = 3. We find that 1PN effects can play a major role in the coalescence, accelerating the final inspirai and causing a significant misalignment in the binary just prior to final merging. In addition, the character of the gravitational wave signal is altered dramatically, showing strong modulation of the exponentially decaying wave form near the end of the merger. We also discuss briefly the implications of our results for models of gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distances.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 064012 |

Pages (from-to) | 640121-6401223 |

Number of pages | 5761103 |

Journal | Physical Review D |

Volume | 62 |

Issue number | 6 |

State | Published - Dec 1 2000 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

### Cite this

*Physical Review D*,

*62*(6), 640121-6401223. [064012].