Postsynaptic then presynaptic protein kinase C activity may be necessary for long-term potentiation

Y. Y. Huang, P. A. Colley, A. Routtenberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Protein kinase C inhibitor was injected intracellularly by iontophoresis into CA1 somata either before or after long-term potentiation in the hippocampal slice preparation. Two different protein kinase C inhibitors, polymyxin B (PMXB) or 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7), injected 10 min before long-term potentiation induction caused potentiated responses to return to baseline 15-35 min after induction without significantly affecting the initial magnitude of potentiation. There was no effect on long-term potentiation persistence when H-7 or PMXB was injected intracellularly 5 min after long-term potentiation induction. In contrast, focal extracellular micro-pressure ejection of protein kinase C inhibitor in the stratum radiatum, 15 or 30 min, but not 60 min after long-term potentiation induction caused decay of long-term potentiation to baseline. This is probably a presynaptic action since intracellular inhibitors injected postsynaptically were ineffective 5 min after long-term potentiation induction. Focal application to stratum pyramidale produced a weaker decay than to stratum radiatum suggesting a Schaffer collateral presynaptic terminal site of action. We propose that activation of postsynaptic protein kinase C activity is necessary for long-term potentiation persistence but this activity persists for less than 5 min after induction. Presynaptic protein kinase C activity is also necessary for persistence and is time-limited to less than 60 min. It is attractive to think that these two events are sequentially activated and employ different protein kinase C subtypes differentially localized to presynaptic or postsynaptic elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-827
Number of pages9
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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