Poverty in the family

Race, siblings, and socioeconomic heterogeneity

Colleen M. Heflin*, Mary E Pattillo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to characterize siblings of middle class and poor blacks and whites, testing for racial differences in the probability of having a sibling on the other side of the socioeconomic divide. In support of theories in the urban poverty literature about the social isolation of poor blacks, we find that poor African-Americans are less likely to have a middle class sibling than poor whites, controlling for individual and family background factors. For the middle class, being black is positively correlated with the probability of having a poor sibling, challenging the notion that the black middle class is separated from the black poor, but supporting recent research on black middle class fragility. Overall, we find that African-Americans are less likely than whites to have siblings that cross important social class lines in ways that are beneficial. Racial differences in the composition of kin networks may indicate another dimension of racial stratification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)804-822
Number of pages19
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006

Fingerprint

middle class
poverty
social class
social isolation
American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{67d1d6588d104d9abeae117bcad3b5f4,
title = "Poverty in the family: Race, siblings, and socioeconomic heterogeneity",
abstract = "We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to characterize siblings of middle class and poor blacks and whites, testing for racial differences in the probability of having a sibling on the other side of the socioeconomic divide. In support of theories in the urban poverty literature about the social isolation of poor blacks, we find that poor African-Americans are less likely to have a middle class sibling than poor whites, controlling for individual and family background factors. For the middle class, being black is positively correlated with the probability of having a poor sibling, challenging the notion that the black middle class is separated from the black poor, but supporting recent research on black middle class fragility. Overall, we find that African-Americans are less likely than whites to have siblings that cross important social class lines in ways that are beneficial. Racial differences in the composition of kin networks may indicate another dimension of racial stratification.",
author = "Heflin, {Colleen M.} and Pattillo, {Mary E}",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.09.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "35",
pages = "804--822",
journal = "Social Science Research",
issn = "0049-089X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Poverty in the family : Race, siblings, and socioeconomic heterogeneity. / Heflin, Colleen M.; Pattillo, Mary E.

In: Social Science Research, Vol. 35, No. 4, 01.12.2006, p. 804-822.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poverty in the family

T2 - Race, siblings, and socioeconomic heterogeneity

AU - Heflin, Colleen M.

AU - Pattillo, Mary E

PY - 2006/12/1

Y1 - 2006/12/1

N2 - We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to characterize siblings of middle class and poor blacks and whites, testing for racial differences in the probability of having a sibling on the other side of the socioeconomic divide. In support of theories in the urban poverty literature about the social isolation of poor blacks, we find that poor African-Americans are less likely to have a middle class sibling than poor whites, controlling for individual and family background factors. For the middle class, being black is positively correlated with the probability of having a poor sibling, challenging the notion that the black middle class is separated from the black poor, but supporting recent research on black middle class fragility. Overall, we find that African-Americans are less likely than whites to have siblings that cross important social class lines in ways that are beneficial. Racial differences in the composition of kin networks may indicate another dimension of racial stratification.

AB - We use the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to characterize siblings of middle class and poor blacks and whites, testing for racial differences in the probability of having a sibling on the other side of the socioeconomic divide. In support of theories in the urban poverty literature about the social isolation of poor blacks, we find that poor African-Americans are less likely to have a middle class sibling than poor whites, controlling for individual and family background factors. For the middle class, being black is positively correlated with the probability of having a poor sibling, challenging the notion that the black middle class is separated from the black poor, but supporting recent research on black middle class fragility. Overall, we find that African-Americans are less likely than whites to have siblings that cross important social class lines in ways that are beneficial. Racial differences in the composition of kin networks may indicate another dimension of racial stratification.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750454129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750454129&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2004.09.002

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 804

EP - 822

JO - Social Science Research

JF - Social Science Research

SN - 0049-089X

IS - 4

ER -