Power spectrum analysis of EEG in a translational nonhuman primate model after chronic exposure to low levels of the common marine neurotoxin, domoic acid

R. Petroff*, M. Murias, K. S. Grant, B. Crouthamel, N. McKain, S. Shum, J. Jing, N. Isoherranen, T. M. Burbacher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Domoic acid (DA), the focus of this research, is a marine algal neurotoxin and epileptogen produced by species in the genus Pseudo-nitzschia. DA is found in finfish and shellfish across the globe. The current regulatory limit for DA consumption (20 ppm in shellfish) was set to protect humans from acute toxic effects, but there is a growing body of evidence suggesting that regular consumption of DA contaminated seafood at or below the regulatory limit may lead to subtle neurological effects in adults. The present research uses a translational nonhuman primate model to assess neurophysiological changes after chronic exposure to DA near the regulatory limit. Sedated electroencephalography (EEG) was used in 20 healthy adult female Macaca fascicularis, orally administered 0.075 and 0.15 mg DA/kg/day for at least 10 months. Paired video and EEG recordings were cleaned and a Fast Fourier Transformation was applied to EEG recordings to assess power differences in frequency bands from 1−20 Hz. When DA exposed animals were compared to controls, power was significantly decreased in the delta band (1−4 Hz, p < 0.005) and significantly increased in the alpha band (5−8 Hz, p < 0.005), theta band (9−12 Hz, p < 0.01), and beta band (13−20 Hz, p < 0.05). The power differences were not dose dependent or related to the duration of DA exposure, or subtle clinical symptoms of DA exposure (intentional tremors). Alterations of power in these bands have been associated with a host of clinical symptoms, such as deficits in memory and neurodegenerative diseases, and ultimately provide new insight into the subclinical toxicity of chronic, low-dose DA exposure on the adult primate brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)124-129
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroToxicology
Volume80
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic exposure
  • Domoic acid
  • Electroencephalography
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Power spectrum density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Toxicology

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