Practical nonlinear method for detection of respiratory and cardiac dysfunction in human subjects

Richard A. Katz*, Michael S. Lawee, Anthony K. Newman, J. Woodrow Weiss, Shalabh Chandra, Richard A. Grimm, James D. Thomas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This research applies novel nonlinear signal detection techniques in studies of human subjects with respiratory and cardiac diseases. One of the studies concerns a breathing disorder during sleep, a disease called Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). In a second study we investigate a disease of the heart, Atrial Fibrillation (AF). The former study involves nonlinear processing of the time sequences of sleep apnea recordings (cardio-respirograms) collected from patients with known obstructive sleep apnea, and from a normal control. In the latter study, we apply similar nonlinear metrics to Doppler flow measurements obtained by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). One of our metrics, the 'chaotic radius' is used for tracking the position of points in phase space relative to some reference position. A second metric, the 'differential radius' provides a measure of the separation rate of contiguous (evolving) points in phase space. A third metric, the 'chaotic frequency' gives angular position of the phase space orbit as a function of time. All are useful for identifying change of physiologic condition that is not always apparent using conventional methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsJaafar M. Elmirghani
Pages189-206
Number of pages18
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995
EventChaotic Circuits for Communication - Philadelphia, PA, USA
Duration: Oct 23 1995Oct 24 1995

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume2612
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherChaotic Circuits for Communication
CityPhiladelphia, PA, USA
Period10/23/9510/24/95

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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