Background: There is no consensus regarding the management and postoperative follow-up of non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFAs) in the setting of recurrent or residual disease. Subsequent treatment options include continued follow-up, re-resection or radiotherapy. To address this gap and better understand current practice patterns, we surveyed neurosurgeons and radiation oncologists in Canada. Methods: Neurosurgeons and radiation oncologists (ROs) across Canada were invited to complete a standardized online questionnaire. Summary statistics were computed, and Fisher's Exact tests were performed to assess significance. Qualitative analyses were performed through open and axial coding. Results: Thirty-three participants completed the questionnaires, with neurosurgeons representing a majority of respondents (n = 20 vs n = 13). When treating giant (>3 cm) tumors, 90.9% of neurosurgeons in practice for less than 10 years reported using an endoscopic approach, as compared to only 66.7% of neurosurgeons in practice for 10 years of more. Additionally, neurosurgeons who were newer to practice had a greater tendency to advocate for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or re-resection (54.5% and 36.4%, respectively), as compared to older surgeons who showed a higher propensity (22.2%) to advocate for observation. The presence of cavernous sinus extension appeared to encourage ROs to offer radiotherapy sooner (61.4%), as compared to 40% of neurosurgeons. Conclusions: Our results identified both variations and commonalities in practice amongst Canadian neurosurgeons. Approaches deviated in the setting of residual tumor based on years of practice. This work provides a critical foundation for future studies aiming to define evidence-based best practices in the management of NFAs.
- Canada-wide survey
- Practice patterns
- Radiation oncologist
- Recurrent non-functioning pituitary adenoma
- Residual non-functioning pituitary adenoma
- Skull-base neurosurgeon
ASJC Scopus subject areas