Practice patterns of vasal reconstruction in a large United States cohort

Spyridon P. Basourakos, Patrick Lewicki, Nahid Punjani, Camilo Arenas-Gallo, Christopher Gaffney, Richard J. Fantus, Bashir Al Hussein Al Awamlh, Peter N. Schlegel, Robert E. Brannigan, Jonathan E. Shoag, Joshua A. Halpern*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We aimed to characterise diverse practice patterns for vasal reconstruction and to determine whether surgeon volume is associated with vasoepididymostomy performance at the time of reconstruction. We identified adult men who underwent vasal reconstruction from 2000 to 2020 in Premier Healthcare Database and determined patient, surgeon, cost and hospital characteristics for each procedure. We identified 3,494 men who underwent either vasovasostomy-alone (N = 2,595, 74.3%) or any-vasoepididymostomy (N = 899, 25.7%). The majority of providers (N = 487, 88.1%) performed only-vasovasostomy, 10 (1.8%) providers performed only-vasoepididymostomy and 56 (10.1%) providers performed both. Median total hospital charge of vasoepididymostomy was significantly higher than vasovasostomy ($39,163, interquartile range [IQR]$11,854–53,614 and $17,201, IQR$10,904–29,986, respectively). On multivariable regression, men who underwent procedures at nonacademic centres (OR 2.71, 95% CI 2.12–3.49) with higher volume surgeons (OR 11.60, 95% CI 8.65–16.00) were more likely to undergo vasoepididymostomy. Furthermore, men who underwent vasoepididymostomy were more likely to self-pay (OR 2.35, 95% CI 1.83–3.04, p <.001) and more likely had procedures in the Midwest or West region (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.66–2.96 and OR 2.11, 95% CI 1.61–2.76, respectively; p <.001). High-volume providers have increased odds of performing vasoepididymostomy at the time of reconstruction but at a significantly higher cost. These data suggest possibly centralising reconstructive procedures among high-volume providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14228
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • premier healthcare database
  • vasal reconstruction
  • vasoepididymostomy
  • vasovasostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Urology


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