Pre-Coronavirus Disease 2019 Telehealth Practices among Pediatric Infectious Diseases Specialists in the United States

PIDS Telehealth Working Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background. Telehealth (TH) practices among pediatric infectious disease (PID) specialists prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are largely unknown. Methods. In 2019, the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) Telehealth Working Group surveyed PIDS members to collect data on the use of TH modalities, adoption barriers, interest, extent of curbside consultations (CCs), and reimbursement. Results. Of 1213 PIDS members, 161 (13.3%) completed the survey, and the responses of 154 (12.7%) from the United States were included in our report. Medical school (63.6%) and hospital (44.8%) were the commonest work settings with 16.9% practicing in both of them. The most common TH modalities used were synchronous provider-patient virtual visits (20.8%) and synchronous provider-provider consultations (13.6%). TH services included outpatient consultations (48.1%), vaccine recommendations (43.5%), inpatient consultations (39.6%), and travel advice (39.6%). Barriers perceived by respondents included reimbursement (55.8%), lack of experience with TH (55.2%), lack of institutional support (52.6%), lack of administrative support (50%), and cost of implementation (48.7%). Most of the respondents (144, 93.5%) were interested in implementing a wide range of TH modalities. CCs accounted for 1–20 hours/week among 148 respondents. Conclusions. Most of the PIDS survey respondents reported low utilization of TH and several perceived barriers to TH adoption before the COVID-19 pandemic. Nonetheless, they expressed a strong interest in adopting different TH modalities. They also reported spending considerable time on non-reimbursed CCs from within and outside their institutions. The results of this survey provide baseline information that will allow comparisons with post-COVID-19 changes in the adoption of TH in PID.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-491
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021


  • infectious disease
  • pediatrics
  • telehealth
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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