Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Initiation and Retention Among Young Kenyan Women

Ramael O. Ohiomoba*, Patrick Mbullo Owuor, Wicklife Orero, Irene Were, Franklin Sawo, Ashley Ezema, Maya Jackson-Gibson, Lisa R. Hirschhorn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The DREAMS (Determined, Resilient, Empowered, AIDS-free, Mentored, Safe) Initiative works to reduce HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) through prevention interventions including Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP). Pamoja CBO in Kisumu, Kenya implemented DREAMS. We describe PrEP initiation and persistence in 549 AGYW who started PrEP through Pamoja and factors associated with discontinuation. Median persistence time was 308 days (95% CI 245, 382) with 59% of AGYW discontinuing by the end of the study. The most common reasons for stopping PrEP were lack of perceived risk (27.9%) and relocation (18.7%). In the multivariable model, only age < 18 was associated with stopping PrEP. Younger age was associated with shorter time to discontinuation. Implementing PrEP through DREAMS was successful in supporting initiation of PrEP for AGYW. However, low rates of persistence at 1 year emphasizes the need for strategies to support PrEP persistence if HIV elimination is to be achieved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2376-2386
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2022


  • Adolescent girls and young women
  • DREAMS initiative
  • HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis
  • PrEP initiation
  • PrEP persistence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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