Precision management of localized prostate cancer

David J. VanderWeele, Baris Turkbey, Adam G. Sowalsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Introduction: The vast majority of men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer die of other causes, highlighting the importance of determining which patient has a risk of death from prostate cancer. Precision management of prostate cancer patients includes distinguishing which men have potentially lethal disease and employing strategies for determining which treatment modality appropriately balances the desire to achieve a durable response while preventing unnecessary overtreatment. Areas covered: In this review, we highlight precision approaches to risk assessment and a context for the precision-guided application of definitive therapy. We focus on three dilemmas relevant to the diagnosis of localized prostate cancer: screening, the decision to treat, and postoperative management. Expert commentary: In the last five years, numerous precision tools have emerged with potential benefit to the patient. However, to achieve optimal outcome, the decision to employ one or more of these tests must be considered in the context of prevailing conventional factors. Moreover, performance and interpretation of a molecular or imaging precision test remains practitioner-dependent. The next five years will witness increased marriage of molecular and imaging biomarkers for improved multi-modal diagnosis and discrimination of disease that is aggressive versus truly indolent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-515
Number of pages11
JournalExpert Review of Precision Medicine and Drug Development
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • clinical management
  • high-risk
  • imaging biomarkers
  • molecular biomarkers
  • mpMRI
  • Prostate cancer
  • risk stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Genetics


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