Purpose: Both gain-of-function enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) mutations and inactivating histone acetyltransferases mutations, such as CREBBP and EP300, have been implicated in the pathogenesis of germinal center (GC)- derived lymphomas. We hypothesized that direct inhibition of EZH2 and histone deacetyltransferase (HDAC) would be synergistic in GC-derived lymphomas. Experimental Design: Lymphoma cell lines (n = 21) were exposed to GSK126, an EZH2 inhibitor, and romidepsin, a pan-HDAC inhibitor. Synergy was assessed by excess over bliss. Western blot, mass spectrometry, and coimmunoprecipitation were performed. A SU-DHL-10 xenograft model was utilized to validate in vitro findings. Pretreatment RNAsequencing of cell lines was performed. MetaVIPER analysis was used to infer protein activity. Results: Exposure to GSK126 and romidepsin demonstrated potent synergy in lymphoma cell lines with EZH2 dysregulation. Combination of romidepsin with other EZH2 inhibitors also demonstrated synergy suggesting a class effect of EZH2 inhibition with romidepsin. Dual inhibition of EZH2 and HDAC led to modulation of acetylation and methylation of H3K27. The synergistic effects of the combination were due to disruption of the PRC2 complex secondary to acetylation of RbAP 46/48. A common basal gene signature was shared among synergistic lymphoma cell lines and was characterized by upregulation in chromatin remodeling genes and transcriptional regulators. This finding was supported by metaVIPER analysis which also revealed that HDAC 1/2 and DNA methyltransferase were associated with EZH2 activation. Conclusions: Inhibition of EZH2 and HDAC is synergistic and leads to the dissociation of PRC2 complex. Our findings support the clinical translation of the combination of EZH2 and HDAC inhibition in EZH2 dysregulated lymphomas.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research