Complement-fixing monoclonal antibody DLC-48 was linked covalently to doxorubicin using two methodologies, and the resulting conjugates were evaluated for their usefulness in purging B-cell lymphomas from human bone marrow autografts using a clonogenic assay for the large cell lymphoma cell line SU-DHL-4. Conjugation did not impair the reactivity of the antibodies. The resultant molar ratios provided for maximal immunoreactivity at doxorubicin concentrations that would permit the growth of CFU-GM. Conjugate DLC-48D-G retained its complement-fixing capacity, and was more cytotoxic to SU-DHL-4 cells, even in the absence of complement, than equivalent doses of doxorubicin. This effect appeared to be non-specific, in that CFU-GM were eliminated, even at low concentrations. DLC-48D-G was no more effective than equivalent doses of doxorubicin, and equally cytotoxic to CFU-GM. Mixtures of unconjugated DLC-48 and doxorubicin, however, were more effective than doxorubicin alone. The mechanism of action of these conjugates is under study. Alternative methods of conjugation will be investigated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Progress in clinical and biological research|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
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