Predicting damage to buildings from excavation-induced ground movements

Richard J. Finno*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This paper presents an overview of methods that can be used to predict damage to buildings as a result of excavation-induced ground movements. To make such a prediction, estimates are needed of the distributions of ground movements at the support level of a building foundation. These estimates can be made based on semi-empirical methods or results of finite element analyses. Semi-empirical methods that describe ground movement distributions both perpendicular and parallel to an excavation wall are summarized. Key issues related to the ability of finite element results to adequately predict such ground movement distributions are discussed. Damage predictions also must consider the type of structure that is impacted by the ground movements. In urban areas, one usually must evaluate the impact on the architectural finishes of structures or load bearing walls supported on shallow foundations. Methods to evaluate these impacts are reviewed and evaluated in light of their applicability. Copyright ASCE 2007.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14
Number of pages1
JournalGeotechnical Special Publication
Issue number170
StatePublished - 2007
EventGeo-Denver 2007: New Peaks in Geotechnics - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Feb 18 2007Feb 21 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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