Concrete is a material that changes volumetrically in response to moisture and temperature variations. Frequently, these volumetric changes are prevented by restraint from the surrounding structure, resulting in the development of tensile stresses. This paper provides a method for computing the stress and displacement fields that develop in response to this restraint by considering the concrete slab as a plate resting on an elastic foundation. The interface between the slab and the foundation is capable of simulating all cases between complete perfect bond and perfect compression/zero tension bond to permit debonding. In addition, stress relaxation is considered in the concrete to account for the reduction in stress due to creep/relaxation-related phenomena. For this reason, the stress-strain relationship and equilibrium equations have been considered in the rate or differential form. The history-dependent equilibrium equations are obtained by integrating the differential equations with respect to time. An example is presented to illustrate the favorable correlation that exists between the predicted behavior of the plate model and finite-element modeling.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mechanics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering