Predicting the Macroscopic Fracture Energy of Epoxy Resins from Atomistic Molecular Simulations

Zhaoxu Meng, Miguel A. Bessa, Wenjie Xia, Wing Kam Liu, Sinan Keten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Predicting the macroscopic fracture energy of highly cross-linked glassy polymers from atomistic simulations is challenging due to the size of the process zone being large in these systems. Here, we present a scale-bridging approach that links atomistic molecular dynamics simulations to macroscopic fracture properties on the basis of a continuum fracture mechanics model for two different epoxy materials. Our approach reveals that the fracture energy of epoxy resins strongly depends on the functionality of epoxy resin and the component ratio between the curing agent (amine) and epoxide. The most intriguing part of our study is that we demonstrate that the fracture energy exhibits a maximum value within the range of conversion degrees considered (from 65% to 95%), which can be attributed to the combined effects of structural rigidity and postyield deformability. Our study provides physical insight into the molecular mechanisms that govern the fracture characteristics of epoxy resins and demonstrates the success of utilizing atomistic molecular simulations toward predicting macroscopic material properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9474-9483
Number of pages10
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 27 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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