Predictors for survival of penetrating trauma using emergency department thoracotomy in an Urban Trauma Center: The cardiac instability score

Suryanarayana Siram, Tolulope Oyetunji, Shaneeta M. Johnson, Amal L. Khoury, Patricia M. White, David C. Chang, Wendy R. Greene, Wayne A I Frederick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) is a procedure used in an attempt to save lives of patients in extremis. This study aims to determine predictors of survival and futility by proposing a scoring scale that measures cardiac instability and its use in predicting survival of victims of penetrating trauma undergoing EDT. Methods: This retrospective study analyzes patients who underwent EDT during a 45-month period at Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC. Vital signs and Glasgow Coma scale (GCS) scores were analyzed at the scene and in the emergency department. A cardiac instability score (CIS) was devised to assign values to vital signs, and the GCS was based on scores from the emergency department. Results: Emergency department vital signs, female gender, absence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and high CIS were found to be statistically significant predictors of survival. Conclusions: The CIS correlated with survival of patients who underwent EDT and was found to be statistically significant in determining the outcome of an EDT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume102
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Emergency care
  • Predictor
  • Surgery
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors for survival of penetrating trauma using emergency department thoracotomy in an Urban Trauma Center: The cardiac instability score'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this