Predictors of 30-day readmission after mastectomy: A multi-institutional analysis of 21,271 patients

Ian Chow, Philip J. Hanwright, Nora M Hansen, Solmaz N. Leilabadi, John Yah Sung Kim*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Recent healthcare legislation has made unplanned hospital readmission an important metric of health care quality, and current efforts center on reducing this complication in order to avoid fiduciary penalties. OBJECTIVE: There is currently a paucity of data delineating risk factors for readmission following mastectomy. To this end, we sought to develop a predictive model of unplanned readmissions following mastectomy. METHODS: The 2011 and 2012 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) datasets were retrospectively queried to identify patients who underwent mastectomy. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to identify risk factors for readmission. RESULTS: Of 21,271 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 1,190 (5.59%) were readmitted. The most commonly cited reasons for readmission included surgical site complications (32.85%), infection not localized to the surgical site (2.72%), and venous thromboembolism (4.39%). Independent predictors of readmission included BMI, active smoking status, and skin-sparing mastectomy. Significantly, concurrent breast reconstruction and bilateral mastectomy were not independent predictors of readmission. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of readmission rates after mastectomy. Awareness of specific risk factors for readmission, particularly those that are modifiable, may serve to identify and manage high risk patients, aid in the development of pre-and postoperative clinical care guidelines, and ultimately improve patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-231
Number of pages11
JournalBreast Disease
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 17 2015


  • 30-day
  • mastectomy
  • outcomes
  • readmission
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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