To determine predictors of a long-term major adverse cardiac event (MACE) in unselected patients undergoing direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), 274 consecutive patients presenting within 12 hours of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were evaluated. No patient with ST-segment elevation AMI received intravenous thrombolytic drugs. Chest pain to balloon time was 3.8 hours (range 2.5 to 6.9). percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty was successful in 95% of patients. Abciximab was administered to 69% of patients, stents were deployed in 53%, and 17% underwent only catheterization. In-hospital events were death (7%), abrupt closure (2%), emergent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (5%), repeat PCI (3%), and recurrent myocardial infarction (1%). In patients undergoing direct PCI (n = 227), the in-hospital event rate was death 5.3%, abrupt closure 2.2%, emergency CABG 0.9%, repeat PCI 3.1%, and repeat myocardial infarction 1.3%. Median time to last follow-up or death was 20 months (range 11 to 34), and to any event, 0.3 months (range 0.03 to 24.0). Postdischarge MACE included death (5%), AMI (4%), repeat PCI (8%), CABG (9%), and stroke (0.7%). Among those undergoing direct PCI (n = 227), 10% died, 3.5% had a repeat AMI, 9% had a repeat PCI, 5% had CABG, and 1% had a stroke at long-term follow-up. At long-term follow-up, 75% were event free. Multivariate predictors were (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)]): abciximab use 0.6 (95% CI 0.43 to 0.95), Killip class 2.2 (95% CI 1.1 to 4.4), and number of narrowed coronary arteries 1.7 (95% CI 1.4 to 2.2). In this unselected consecutive series of patients presenting with ST-segment elevation AMI, direct PCI was associated with sustained long-term efficacy. Outcomes were predicted by cardiac impairment at presentation and number of narrowed coronary arteries. MACE is not related to device selection but is significantly improved with abciximab.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine